Scotland Facts & Information

Situated within a vibrant Europe, Scotland is progressive nation built on dynamism, creativity and the fabulous warmth of its people. Here you will find a range of Scottish facts, from information on its diverse and dramatic landscape and natural resources to facts about Scotland’s population, economy and industry.

Scotland boasts one of the world’s most powerful economies. The country’s capital city, Edinburgh, is a bustling centre of business, technology and commerce. A number of world-class education institutions are located throughout the country. Tourism is one of Scotland’s most lucrative assets, focusing on such attractions as golf, walking and a rich history. In industry, too, the country is pioneering and enterprising. Key business sectors include life sciences, electronic technologies, energy and financial services.

Scotland also boasts a thriving export market with an impressive global reach, especially in food and drink – including Scotland’s famous whisky – and chemicals. Our people are also a major strength. In the workplace, we are well-educated, skilled and motivated – and we are proud of our heritage of inventiveness and innovation. We also like to play – whether it’s a party, festival or sporting event.

While Scotland is a small nation it has big ambitions.

Largest CityGlasgow
Official Language(s)English, Gaelic, Scots
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Queen (of the UK)Queen Elizabeth II
Prime Minister (of the UK)David Cameron MP
First Minister of ScotlandNicola Sturgeon MSP
Area78,772 km2 (30,414 sq mi)
PopulationAround 5.2 million (National Records of Scotland)
Population Density64/km2 (167.5 sp/mi)
GVA per head£19, 744 (2009) (Office National Statistics)
CurrencyPound Stirling (GBP)